European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) - Largo N. Palli 5/a, I-43100 Parma
out by EFSA's Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and
Materials in Contact with Food (AFC).
What has changed since BPA was last assessed for safety?
Further studies, including a recently published 2-generation study in mice, have
provided the experts with additional data missing in the past. The Panel has reassessed
the 2002 opinion based on more evidence of the significant differences between
humans and rodents, as well as stronger scientific evidence that reduced the
uncertainties around the level of risk that were considered in 2002.
What has the Panel concluded?
The Panel has concluded that the setting of a full rather than a temporary Tolerable
Daily Intake (TDI) is now appropriate, following an extensive review of all available
data. People's dietary exposure to BPA, including that of infants and children, is well
below the new TDI.
Are there any particular concerns for infants and children?
In its evaluation the Panel gave special attention to infants and children as they belong
to the groups with the highest potential dietary exposure to BPA relative to the body
weight. The Panel's estimates of intake were based on conservative (`worst case')
estimations. Potential intakes for infants and children are estimated to be well below
How much can be consumed without harm?
A 3-month-old bottle-fed baby that weighs around 6 kg would need to consume more
than 4 times the usual number of bottles of baby formula a day before it would reach