- Practical Guide -
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CEN EN standard methods of test for materials and articles intended to
come into contact with foodstuffs
(Text prepared by P. Tice, ex Secretary CEN TC194/SC1)
(Updated to 05 December 2002)
The parts amended are not indicated in bold and italics characters.
The responsibility for the development and establishment of standard test methods for the plastics
substances or parameters for which the EC Directives have specified quantitative restrictions, was
assigned to CEN by the European Commission/EFTA in 1994 by means of a mandate, with the
CEN is the European Committee for Standardization which produces harmonized EN standards to
facilitate the exchange of goods and services within Europe by eliminating barriers to trade. CEN was
established in March 1961 in Paris and moved to Brussels in 1975.
The members of CEN are the 19 national standards bodies of: the European Union (15 countries), the
European Free Trade Association (3 countries) and the Czech Republic. In addition there are fourteen
Affiliates, which are mainly standards bodies from East European countries. There are also four
Corresponding Organisations: Egypt, South Africa, Ukraine and Yugoslavia.
CEN Technical Committee 194/Sub-Committee 1
The work to produce the standard (EN) test methods has been delegated by CEN to Sub-Committee 1
of Technical Committee 194 (CEN TC194/SC1). The title of the Sub-Committee is General chemical
methods of test for materials intended to come into contact with food.
The development and drafting of the standard test methods is carried out by Working Groups under
the direction of the Sub-Committee. The members of these Working Groups are appointed by the
national standards bodies and are experts in the particular fields of analysis.
When a Working Group has completed drafting a Work Item/document it is circulated to members of
CEN TC194/SC1 for technical approval. If the Work Item/document is approved it is then edited to
comply with CEN rules and submitted to CEN Management Centre (CMC) for Enquiry/Formal
Voting by CEN member national standard bodies for approval to become an EN standard. All
documents produced by the Working Groups and approved by CEN TC194/SC1 are in English only.
The final standard documents are translated into the other two CEN official languages - German and
French. Where it is considered that the analytical test method in the document requires further
development work it may be produced as a Technical Specification (CEN/TS serves as a normative
document in areas where the state of art is not yet stable enough
). Other documents aimed to provide
information are produced as Technical Reports (CEN/TR for information and transfer of knowledge).
The CEN/TS and CEN/TR are recently introduced classifications for documents. The CEN/TS
classification has replaced the previous ENV classification. Work items which were scheduled to
become ENV standards have been submitted to become CEN Technical Specifications. These are
identified in the relevant sections below. The long term aim is for these Work Items to be established
as full EN standards.
Following final Ratification and Implementation, all CEN/TS and CEN/TR documents and EN
standards are published by the standards bodies of the individual member countries of CEN, usually